Here are some of the most colorful animals on earth and some interesting facts about them.
◇Blue morpho (Morpho menelaus)
Its wingspan is approximately 12 cm, due to its characteristic blue color, Morpho menelaus is considered valuable among collectors and was widely hunted in the 20th century. However, deforestation remains the main threat to the survival of this species. Morpho menelaus is found in Central and South America, including the Cerrado which is a vast tropical savanna in Brazil. Other locations include Mexico and Venezuela.
◇California red-sided garter snake
This slender subspecies of natricine snake is indigenous to North America. Most California red-sided garter snakes have a pattern of blue stripes on a black and red background. Their average total length is about 55 cm (22 in), with a maximum total length of about 100 cm (39 in).
◇Cobalt blue tarantula
Cobalt blue tarantulas inhabit the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, where they construct deep burrows, and generally only leave them to find food. The cobalt blue tarantula is a mainstay in the pet trade, despite being a fast and defensive tarantula with potent venom. Bites from this species can result in severe muscle cramps and inflammation.
◇Common collared lizard (eastern collared lizard)
This is a North American species of lizard with a large head and powerful jaws. The name "collared lizard" comes from the lizard's distinct coloration, which includes bands of black around the neck and shoulders that look like a collar. Males can be very colorful, with blue green bodies, yellow stripes on the tail and back, and yellow orange throats. Chiefly found in dry, open regions of Mexico and the south-central United States including Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas, the full extent of its habitat in the United States ranges from the Ozark Mountains to Western Arizona.
◇Dogbane Leaf Beetle
It is a bug primarily found east of the Rocky Mountains. One of the brightest in its family, it is iridescent blue-green with a metallic copper, golden or crimson shine.
Species native to the East Palearctic ( east Russia, East China, Japan). The species was once widespread in East Asia, but large-scale exports and the destruction of its forest habitat have reduced populations in eastern Russia and in China to below 1,000 pairs in each country; Japan, however, is thought to still hold some 5,000 pairs. The Asian populations are migratory, overwintering in lowland eastern China and southern Japan.
Mandrills are primates found in southern Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, and Congo. Mandrills mostly live in tropical rainforest and in very large groups. Mandrills have an omnivorous diet consisting mostly of fruits and insects.
Peacock spiders have only been found in Australia. The red, blue and black colored males have flap-like extensions of the abdomen with white hairs that can be folded down. They are used for display during mating: the male raises his abdomen, then expands and raises the flaps so that the abdomen forms a white-fringed, circular field of color. The third pair of legs is also raised for display, showing a brush of black hairs and white tips. These legs are also used in a clapping motion to further attract a female's attention. While approaching the female, the male vibrates his abdomen while waving raised legs and tail, and dances from side to side. If the male continues his dance when the female is not interested, she attempts to attack, kill, and feed on him; she may also do this after mating (sexual cannibalism). The male may escape by jumping.
◇Poison dart frogs
A group of frogs which are native to tropical Central and South America. The bright coloration is correlated with the toxicity of the species, making them aposematic. Some species exhibit extremely bright coloration along with high toxicity, while others have cryptic coloration with minimal to no amount of observed toxicity. The species that have great toxicity derive this from their diet of ants, mites and termites. Other species however, that exhibit cryptic coloration and low to no amounts of toxicity, eat a much larger variety of prey. Poison dart frogs are endemic to humid, tropical environments of Central and South America.These frogs are generally found in tropical rainforests, including in Bolivia, Costa Rica, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana, Peru, Panama, Guyana, Nicaragua, and Hawaii. That is why many species of this family are threatened due to human infrastructure encroaching the places they inhabit.
◇Portuguese man o' war
Found mostly in tropical and subtropical waters, the Atlantic, Indian, Portuguese man o' war lives at the surface of the ocean. Strong winds may drive them into bays or onto beaches. Often, finding a single Portuguese man o' war is followed by finding many others in the vicinity. Because they can sting while beached, the discovery of a man o' war washed up on a beach may lead to the closure of the beach.